The Message of German Fairy tales

One-Eye, Two-Eyes and Three-Eyes

Tale of the Bothers Grimm translated by M. Hunt [1884]
Interpretation by Undine & Jens in italics [2018]

There was once a woman who had three daughters, the eldest of whom was called One-eye, because she had only one eye in the middle of her forehead, and the second, Two-eyes, because she had two eyes like other folks, and the youngest, Three-eyes, because she had three eyes; and her third eye was also in the centre of her forehead. However, as Two-eyes saw just as other human beings did, her sisters and her mother could not endure her. They said to her, “Thou, with thy two eyes, art no better than the common people; thou dost not belong to us!” They pushed her about, and threw old clothes to her, and gave her nothing to eat but what they left, and did everything that they could to make her unhappy.

The problem that stands here at the beginning of this fairy tale is certainly familiar to all of us. We usually want to be something special in life and stand out from the grey normality. What is that good for? Our personality is formed by such thinking, and that is what the ego feeds on. This happens on a small scale with each individual person and on a large scale with nations and humanity itself, which tries to rise above nature. Certainly, this aspiration is an important stimulation of human development, but it also has its downsides, which show itself mainly in arrogant pride. And so it might happen that you want to rise yourself at the expense of others. And since this is again a plus-minus polarity, it often seems easier to humiliate others in order to elevate oneself than to really develop oneself higher. Such behaviour leads to hate, oppression and meanness, which is called mobbing nowadays.

So One-eye and Three-eyes feel special, because one is below and the other above the normal. The parody is that they think they are exceptionally beautiful and hate their middle sister like poison. Maybe they have some doubts about their own perception. This can certainly be explained psychologically. It is interesting that the mother is also on their side, and thus reminds us of the usual stepmother of other fairy tales, where the power of the father is missing. She also plays a malignant role here in contrast to the true mother, which we will now get to know.

It came to pass that Two-eyes had to go out into the fields and tend the goat, but she was still quite hungry, because her sisters had given her so little to eat. So she sat down on a ridge and began to weep, and so bitterly that two streams ran down from her eyes. And once when she looked up in her grief, a woman was standing beside her, who said, “Why art thou weeping, little Two-eyes?” Two-eyes answered, “Have I not reason to weep, when I have two eyes like other people, and my sisters and mother hate me for it, and push me from one corner to another, throw old clothes at me, and give me nothing to eat but the scraps they leave? To-day they have given me so little that I am still quite hungry.” Then the wise woman said, “Wipe away thy tears, Two-eyes, and I will tell thee something to stop thee ever suffering from hunger again; just say to thy goat,

“Bleat, my little goat, bleat,
Cover the table with something to eat.”

and then a clean well-spread little table will stand before thee, with the most delicious food upon it of which thou mayst eat as much as thou art inclined for, and when thou hast had enough, and hast no more need of the little table, just say,

“Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,
And take the table quite away,”

and then it will vanish again from thy sight.” Hereupon the wise woman departed. But Two-eyes thought, “I must instantly make a trial, and see if what she said is true, for I am far too hungry.” and she said,

Bleat, my little goat, bleat,
Cover the table with something to eat.”

and scarcely had she spoken the words than a little table, covered with a white cloth, was standing there, and on it was a plate with a knife and fork, and a silver spoon; and the most delicious food was there also, warm and smoking as if it had just come out of the kitchen.

Then Two-eyes said the shortest prayer she knew, “Lord God, be with us always, Amen.” and helped herself to some food, and enjoyed it. And when she was satisfied, she said, as the wise woman had taught her,

“Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,
And take the table quite away.”

and immediately the little table and everything on it was gone again. “That is a delightful way of keeping house!” thought Two-eyes, and was quite glad and happy.

Our two-eyed girl was so desperate that her tears flowed. Desperate tears have a great power and can ask for help from other compassionate beings. And suddenly unexpected help may appear as if a miracle had happened. Here, too, a “wise woman” reveals herself in the middle of nature, giving a special spell. And what appears at first sight like an incredible miracle that only children believe in is actually a deeper truth. After all, it is always Mother Nature who gives us all food and covers the table abundantly, if we treat her in the right way and are grateful. You should always be aware of this gratefulness, at least during meals. Do you remember? It used to be a common practice to pray and thank God before eating. “Be our guest at all times!” That means, of course, that the Divine should be present all the time, not just with meals.

The goat is a very common symbol as a food and sacrificial animal and is often associated with Mother Nature as a divine being. If we can find a spiritual connection to her, she can give us the keys to her riches. Nature may even show herself as a living being, and the key may be a plain spell with much power, similar to the mantras of Far Eastern traditions. This power is a secret that is difficult to understand, but certainly closely linked to our faith. In the end we are probably the ones who give the spell its great spiritual power. The best thing is, of course, if you can be practically convinced of the effect. And in our fairy tale despair and trust are so great that the spell works even at the first time. It does not always have to be that way, because many famous mantras must be murmured thousands of times to show their practical effect.

In the evening, when she went home with her goat, she found a small earthenware dish with some food, which her sisters had set ready for her, but she did not touch it. Next day she again went out with her goat, and left the few bits of broken bread which had been handed to her, lying untouched. The first and second time that she did this, her sisters did not remark it at all, but as it happened every time, they did observe it, and said, “There is something wrong about Two-eyes, she always leaves her food untasted, and she used to eat up everything that was given her; she must have discovered other ways of getting food.” In order that they might learn the truth, they resolved to send One-eye with Two-eyes when she went to drive her goat to the pasture, to observe what Two-eyes did when she was there, and whether any one brought her anything to eat and drink. So when Two-eyes set out the next time, One-eye went to her and said, “I will go with you to the pasture, and see that the goat is well taken care of, and driven where there is food.” But Two-eyes knew what was in One-eye’s mind, and drove the goat into high grass and said, “Come, One-eye, we will sit down, and I will sing something to you.” One-eye sat down and was tired with the unaccustomed walk and the heat of the sun, and Two-eyes sang constantly,

“One eye, wakest thou?
One eye, sleepest thou?

until One-eye shut her one eye, and fell asleep, and as soon as Two-eyes saw that One-eye was fast asleep, and could discover nothing, she said,

“Bleat, my little goat, bleat,
Cover the table with something to eat.”

and seated herself at her table, and ate and drank until she was satisfied, and then she again cried,

“Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,
And take the table quite away.”

and in an instant all was gone. Two-eyes now awakened One-eye, and said, “One-eye, you want to take care of the goat, and go to sleep while you are doing it, and in the meantime the goat might run all over the world. Come, let us go home again.” So they went home, and again Two-eyes let her little dish stand untouched, and One-eye could not tell her mother why she would not eat it, and to excuse herself said, “I fell asleep when I was out.”

Next day the mother said to Three-eyes, “This time thou shalt go and observe if Two-eyes eats anything when she is out, and if any one fetches her food and drink, for she must eat and drink in secret.” So Three-eyes went to Two-eyes, and said, “I will go with you and see if the goat is taken proper care of, and driven where there is food.” But Two-eyes knew what was in Three-eyes’ mind, and drove the goat into high grass and said, “We will sit down, and I will sing something to you, Three-eyes.” Three-eyes sat down and was tired with the walk and with the heat of the sun, and Two-eyes began the same song as before, and sang,

“Three eyes, are you waking?”

but then, instead of singing,

“Three eyes, are you sleeping?”

as she ought to have done, she thoughtlessly sang,

“Two eyes, are you sleeping?”

and sang all the time,

“Three eyes, are you waking?
Two eyes, are you sleeping?”

Then two of the eyes which Three-eyes had, shut and fell asleep, but the third, as it had not been named in the song, did not sleep. It is true that Three-eyes shut it, but only in her cunning, to pretend it was asleep too, but it blinked, and could see everything very well. And when Two-eyes thought that Three-eyes was fast asleep, she used her little charm,

“Bleat, my little goat, bleat,
Cover the table with something to eat.”

and ate and drank as much as her heart desired, and then ordered the table to go away again,

“Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,
And take the table quite away.”

and Three-eyes had seen everything. Then Two-eyes came to her, waked her and said, “Have you been asleep, Three-eyes? You are a good care-taker! Come, we will go home.” And when they got home, Two-eyes again did not eat, and Three-eyes said to the mother, “Now, I know why that high-minded thing there does not eat. When she is out, she says to the goat,

“Bleat, my little goat, bleat,
Cover the table with something to eat.”

and then a little table appears before her covered with the best of food, much better than any we have here, and when she has eaten all she wants, she says,

“Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,
And take the table quite away.”

and all disappears. I watched everything closely. She put two of my eyes to sleep by using a certain form of words, but luckily the one in my forehead kept awake.” Then the envious mother cried, “Dost thou want to fare better than we do? The desire shall pass away.” and she fetched a butcher’s knife, and thrust it into the heart of the goat, which fell down dead.

The two sisters now want to learn the secret through which they had initially lost their power over two-eyed girl. And so it goes on with spells. Our Two-eyes had not only learned a few words from the wise fairy, but also the general ability to use the power of words. This works fine at first, but then she makes a mistake and through this carelessness she loses her goat. One would like to say that it was stupid of her. But such mistakes are important in life for us to develop. We also learn that special forces are always accompanied by the necessary mindfulness. Anyone who is absentminded cannot hope for beneficial effects.

We already know the nature of the false mother from other fairy tales. It symbolizes our superficial nature of illusion that veils and even wants to kill the true essence. Sure, the illusion knows that everything superficial disappears when the true essence reveals itself. And so the mother does not even try to gain the magic of the goat, but kills her immediately after the famous motto: What cannot be, must go! It is interesting that she still helps our two-eyed little girl, and we read below about the meaning of the sacrifice of the goat.

When Two-eyes saw that, she went out full of trouble, seated herself on the ridge of grass at the edge of the field, and wept bitter tears. Suddenly the wise woman once more stood by her side, and said, “Two-eyes, why art thou weeping?” - “Have I not reason to weep?” she answered. “The goat which covered the table for me every day when I spoke your charm, has been killed by my mother, and now I shall again have to bear hunger and want.” The wise woman said, “Two-eyes, I will give thee a piece of good advice; ask thy sisters to give thee the entrails of the slaughtered goat, and bury them in the ground in front of the house, and thy fortune will be made.” Then she vanished, and Two-eyes went home and said to her sisters, “Dear sisters, do give me some part of my goat; I don’t wish for what is good, but give me the entrails.” Then they laughed and said, “If that’s all you want, you can have it.” So Two-eyes took the entrails and buried them quietly in the evening, in front of the house-door, as the wise woman had counselled her to do.

Next morning, when they all awoke, and went to the house-door, there stood a strangely magnificent tree with leaves of silver, and fruits of gold hanging among them, so that in all the wide world there was nothing more beautiful or precious. They did not know how the tree could have come there during the night, but Two-eyes saw that it had grown up out of the entrails of the goat, for it was standing on the exact spot where she had buried them. Then the mother said to One-eye, “Climb up, my child, and gather some of the fruit of the tree for us.” One-eye climbed up, but when she was about to get hold of one of the golden apples, the branch escaped from her hands, and that happened each time, so that she could not pluck a single apple, let her do what she might. Then said the mother, “Three-eyes, do you climb up; you with your three eyes can look about you better than One-eye.” One-eye slipped down, and Three-eyes climbed up. Three-eyes was not more skilful, and might search as she liked, but the golden apples always escaped her. At length the mother grew impatient, and climbed up herself, but could get hold of the fruit no better than One-eye and Three-eyes, for she always clutched empty air. Then said Two-eyes, “I will just go up, perhaps I may succeed better.” The sisters cried, “You indeed, with your two eyes, what can you do?” But Two-eyes climbed up, and the golden apples did not get out of her way, but came into her hand of their own accord, so that she could pluck them one after the other, and brought a whole apronful down with her. The mother took them away from her, and instead of treating poor Two-eyes any better for this, she and One-eye and Three-eyes were only envious, because Two-eyes alone had been able to get the fruit, and they treated her still more cruelly.

Again desperation with bitter tears and the help of the true mother. And what is she advising this time? Do not grieve for the outward of the goat. Take the inward, the guts, and give them into fertile soil. And now a wonderful tree grows with golden branches and fruits. Well, at this point we cannot help but get back to the spiritual level. Of course, the whole thing reminds us of the tree of eternal life, with the everlasting branches and fruits that only a pure soul can reap. However, those who are attached to superficial things, such as the false mother with her two proud daughters, have no access here and always reach into the blank, even if the eternal fruits are attractive to them. For they live on perishable fruits of the tree of worldly knowledge, as it had symbolically begun with Adam and Eve.

The other way is the true knowledge of eternal life, namely to know the imperishable innermost essence of all things. From this tree you can reap the eternal fruits of gold. But why are her sisters so jealous again, even though our Two-eyes willingly wants to give and share everything? This is a very strange phenomenon that we have known since ancient times. Many wise men, who went the way of knowledge and were ready to give their wisdom to others, already fell prey to these flames of envy and hate. Isn’t that absurd? So we are curious how our fairy tale will continue.

It so befell that once when they were all standing together by the tree, a young knight came up. “Quick, Two-eyes,” cried the two sisters, “creep under this, and don’t disgrace us!” and with all speed they turned an empty barrel which was standing close by the tree over poor Two-eyes, and they pushed the golden apples which she had been gathering, under it too. When the knight came nearer he was a handsome lord, who stopped and admired the magnificent gold and silver tree, and said to the two sisters, “To whom does this fine tree belong? Any one who would bestow one branch of it on me might in return for it ask whatsoever he desired.” Then One-eye and Three-eyes replied that the tree belonged to them, and that they would give him a branch. They both took great trouble, but they were not able to do it, for the branches and fruit both moved away from them every time. Then said the knight, “It is very strange that the tree should belong to you, and that you should still not be able to break a piece off.” They again asserted that the tree was their property. Whilst they were saying so, Two-eyes rolled out a couple of golden apples from under the barrel to the feet of the knight, for she was vexed with One-eye and Three-eyes, for not speaking the truth. When the knight saw the apples he was astonished, and asked where they came from. One-eye and Three-eyes answered that they had another sister, who was not allowed to show herself, for she had only two eyes like any common person. The knight, however, desired to see her, and cried, “Two-eyes, come forth.” Then Two-eyes, quite comforted, came from beneath the barrel, and the knight was surprised at her great beauty, and said, “Thou, Two-eyes, canst certainly break off a branch from the tree for me.” - “Yes,” replied Two-eyes, “that I certainly shall be able to do, for the tree belongs to me.” And she climbed up, and with the greatest ease broke off a branch with beautiful silver leaves and golden fruit, and gave it to the knight. Then said the knight, “Two-eyes, what shall I give thee for it?” - “Alas!” answered Two-eyes, “I suffer from hunger and thirst, grief and want, from early morning till late night; if you would take me with you, and deliver me from these things, I should be happy.” So the knight lifted Two-eyes on to his horse, and took her home with him to his father’s castle, and there he gave her beautiful clothes, and meat and drink to her heart’s content, and as he loved her so much he married her, and the wedding was solemnized with great rejoicing.

Because this fairy tale has been dominated so far only by the feminine, of course, at some point the masculine comes into play. This happens in the form of a knight, who probably symbolizes the spiritual side in the play of nature and spirit. So he immediately asks for the tree and seeks the pure soul, which is connected with this tree. For the eternal fruits are an expression of the inner, essential spirit, while the perishable fruits are an expression of external, superficial nature. The two selfish sisters are quickly unmasked because they have no true connection to this eternal tree and cannot reap its golden fruits. In the end, the spirit releases nature from its suffering and leads the pure soul into a pure world, which could also be called Paradise. Some people might claim that the knight was mainly interested in the gold and silver from the tree, but in the end he is more interested in the good soul and does not ask further about the golden tree.

When Two-eyes was thus carried away by the handsome knight, her two sisters grudged her good fortune in downright earnest. “The wonderful tree, however, still remains with us,” thought they, “and even if we can gather no fruit from it, still every one will stand still and look at it, and come to us and admire it. Who knows what good things may be in store for us?” But next morning, the tree had vanished, and all their hopes were at an end. And when Two-eyes looked out of the window of her own little room, to her great delight it was standing in front of it, and so it had followed her.

The desire for the beautiful shiny gold was obviously more with the two sisters, who cling to the surface and even want to keep this tree as their personal property. But we clearly read that the tree of eternal life belongs to the pure soul much more than its external house, which is left behind as a place of suffering, while the tree follows the pure soul on its own accord. This is a wonderful symbol of true knowledge, in which one no longer has to fear that it will be lost again, like all the transient things and lessons of this world.

Two-eyes lived a long time in happiness. Once two poor women came to her in her castle, and begged for alms. She looked in their faces, and recognized her sisters, One-eye, and Three-eyes, who had fallen into such poverty that they had to wander about and beg their bread from door to door. Two-eyes, however, made them welcome, and was kind to them, and took care of them, so that they both with all their hearts repented the evil that they had done their sister in their youth.

And this transience of outward forms and concepts is also clearly described in this last section, how the proud sisters fell into poverty and even lost their mother. But even this fairy tale has a happy ending, because they reap the compassion of their sister and regret their malignity.

In summary, this fairy tale can be regarded as a wonderful plea for the value of normality. The Buddha, too, has taught the middle way to avoid all extremes in every direction, to overcome opposites, and to find the inner centre. There is certainly in every life a time where a young person should prove and also surpass himself. But chasing outer extremes in life, comparing oneself to others and being special, is certainly not salutary and leads into our “modern poverty,” as this fairy tale also describes it. It creates a huge ego full of envy, hatred and desire with great attachment and illusion. And you miss the most important thing in life, to discover the true meaning and to find the tree of eternal life with the golden branches and fruits.


Introduction
Jorinda and Joringel
Iron John
The Old Woman in the Wood
Hansel and Grethel
Rumpelstiltskin
Mother Holle
The Youth who went forth to learn what Fear was
Hans in Luck
Godfather Death
One-Eye, Two-Eyes and Three-Eyes
Our Lady’s Child
The Frog-King, or Iron Henry
Sweet Porridge
Cat and Mouse in Partnership
The Fisherman and his Wife
The Golden Bird

[1884] Grimm's Household Tales. Translated from the German and edited by Margaret Hunt. With an introduction by Andrew Lang, 1884, Vol. 1/2, London: George Bell and Sons
[2018] Text and Pictures by Undine & Jens / www.pushpak.de